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March News Update

Exiting recession
Britain has barely limped out of recession, failing to hit its 0.4% growth
target but exiting technical recession by growing 0.1% between October and
December 2009. It is the last major economy to emerge from the downturn and
there are fears that it could yet go back in to recession, further hurting the
pound. Mark O’Sullivan, director of dealing at foreign exchange company
Currencies Direct says, “It is a fact that markets feed on fear and greed and if
we see confidence in the UK’s ability to stimulate growth slip once again, then
the pound could be in for nothing short of a good hiding.”

The resignation of Financial Services Authority chief executive Hector Sants
has raised speculation that he jumped before he was pushed owing to the fact
that the Conservative Party – tipped as the likely winners of the impending
General Election – would look to revert FSA powers to the Bank of England,
something that Sants was loath to sanction. Liberal Democrat shadow chancellor
Vince Cable says the resignation plunges the FSA into a great deal of

Despite evidence that the UK economy is now out of technical recession,
energy provider npower is warning that out of date financial records could
prolong financial instability for many UK businesses. This is likely to impact
on credit ratings, reducing access to finance and essential supplies. Companies
House records can be anything from 12 to 18 months out of date, which means that
a company’s financial viability will be judged on its performance mid-recession,
irrespective of how well it is doing now.

Quantitative easing has been stopped following other western European central
banks’ strategies, after the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee voted
unanimously against continuing it. Central bankers have maintained ultra-loose
monetary policy for a year in a bid to loosen credit and spur economic growth,
according to rating agency Moody’s. Increased inflationary risk was said to be
behind the move.

Inflation rose to 3.5% in January, according to the Office for National
Statistics. The rise was as a result of petrol price increases and VAT returning
to 17.5% in January. Mervyn King, governor of the Bank of England has written to
the chancellor to reiterate the Bank’s forecast that the rise is a temporary
surge in inflation, and is anticipated to fall to the target in the second half
of 2010.

The UK trade deficit has widened more than anticipated to £7.278m after
imports from non-EU countries rose at the fastest rate since March 2008. This
will reinforce the possibility of a double-dip recession, says Mark Bolsom, head
of UK trading desk at Travelex. “We crawled out of recession in the last months
of 2009 and lower export volumes are not going to help push our GDP into a more
robust and sustainable position.”

Economic recovery looks increasingly shaky following news that the number of
people claiming unemployment benefit rose in January 2010. According to the
Office for National Statistics, the number rose by 23,500 during the month,
raising the total count to 1.64m. That is the worst figure since April 1997. The
number of people out of work for more than a year also rose to 663,000, up by
37,000 in the three months to December 2009.

Business finance
SMEs have sourced £45bn from alternative sources of finance over the past 24
months. According to research from CreditPal, SME owners have been forced to
make sacrifices such as selling private assets or relying on friends and family
for emergency finances, instead of receiving funding from traditional financial
institutions for bank loans and overdraft facilities. On average, each SME
raised capital of £66,624 over the past two years.

Meanwhile, UK SMEs trading overseas are missing out on more than £1.7bn a
year by remaining with their current banks and not shopping around for more
competitive quotes on foreign exchange transactions, according to Moneycorp.
Mark Deans, dealing manager at Moneycorp says, “Finance directors should start
exploring other, cheaper options to provide a better service – for considerably
less money.”

Research by the Institute of Directors involving more than 1,000 company
directors reveals that banks have turned down almost 60% of businesses that
apply to them for loans, forcing those businesses to fund themselves with credit
cards. The survey contradicts claims made by banks that they were meeting
lending demand. Of equal concern is the delivery of promised government support
through the Enterprise Finance Guarantee.

There is a distinct misconception between the expectations of more than 100
business leaders at the top 200 FTSE companies over their finance functions and
the role the functions actually perform, according to the results of a new study
by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Some 80% of participants say they are dissatisfied
with the level of management information they receive, leading CEOs to call upon
their finance functions to provide more meaningful analysis and forward looking

Barclays has posted record annual profits of £11.6bn for 2009, 92% ahead of
2008 figures. The gain was attributed to its investment banking arm and the sale
of part of the business last year specifically to raise funds. Chief executive
John Varley and president Bob Diamond will forego their bonuses.

BNP Paribas is set to fork out £434.7m in bonuses for its 4,000 bankers.
Staff in London and Paris will earn around £108,000 in bonuses. BNP Paribas is
implementing new bonus policies for its investment bankers, which it says
reflects a new “willingness to exercise restraint”. It adds that, “In this new
environment, the group intends to promote the need for consistency between the
actions of the employees in question and the company’s long-term objectives, in
particular with regard to risks.”

Pensions crisis
BT shares plummeted despite a surge in profits after reporting that its pension
deficit had hit £9bn and the regulator expressed concerns about its recovery
plan. The group is set to make payments to cover the deficit starting at £525m a
year on as part of a 17-year plan which began in 2009.

The UK arm of Reader’s Digest has gone in to administration, putting 117 jobs
at risk. The decision was made in the wake of failed talks between the company’s
US parent group and the UK’s Pensions Regulator. The two sides couldn’t reach a
conclusion on how to pay a £125m deficit in its UK pension fund. Reader’s Digest
had agreed a deal with the Pension Protection Fund to pay off a small part of
the deficit but the regulator slashed any hope of this idea materialising.

New Look has shelved plans to float on the London Stock Exchange. This is the
second time the organisation has bailed on its IPO, after it cited unfavourable
markets as its reason for pulling out. However, “institutional investors have
privately expressed doubts about New Look’s financial structure”, according to
The Times. The company joins a list of other businesses that have also recently
shelved IPO plans, namely Merlin – owners of Alton Towers and Madame Tussauds –
and Travelport.

Insolvency statistics for Q4 2009 show there were 4,566 compulsory liquidations
and creditors’ voluntary liquidations in total in England and Wales. This was a
decrease of 1.7% on the previous quarter and a decrease of 1.1% on the same
period a year ago. Alan Tomlinson, partner at insolvency practitioner
Tomlinsons, says the reduction was attributable to businesses “developing
strategies for dealing with the recession and the more tolerant attitude of the
HM Revenue & Customs. In addition, there were 35,574 individual insolvencies
in England and Wales in Q4 of 2009.

This was an increase of 24.9% on the same period a year ago. Commenting, Alec
Pillmoor, head of personal insolvency at Baker Tilly, says the situation could
worsen because of the predicted increase in interest rates and reductions in
public sector spending.

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